The Kruger National Park is a global stronghold for the critically-endangered black rhino and the protection of this population is essential to the future survival of the species. However, following the poaching surge that began in 2008, numbers of black rhino in the park declined dramatically. To halt and reverse this trend, greater understanding of the movements and behaviour of these animals within Kruger is urgently required.
In 2017, South African National Parks (SANParks) initiated the Black Rhino Guardianship Programme in southern Kruger, where the majority of these animals are concentrated. This programme aims to safeguard black rhino through increased monitoring and understanding of their spatio-temporal relationships i.e. movements within their habitat and how that changes day to night and season to season.
The programme target is to set up 120 camera traps